Ana Dil ve Yabancı Dil Olarak Türkçe Öğretiminde Konuşma Becerisine İlişkin Ölçek Çalışmalarının İncelenmesi


This study examines the published articles on scale development and adaptation for speaking skills and the stages used during this process. According to the data obtained by content analysis, literature, field, and measurement-evaluation experts are consulted during the creation of the item pool in the articles on scale development. In addition, in most articles, the Cronbach Alpha method is used to determine internal consistency and reliability, and exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis are used for item analysis. However, it is obvious that in most of them, pre-application is not done and application instructions are not shared. In scale adaptation studies, two or more translators who are proficient in both languages are frequently used for translation, and back translation is performed. However, the application instructions of the scale are not adapted in any of the relevant articles, and it is not checked whether semantic, experiential, conceptual, and idiomatic equality is achieved between the two forms. As a result, it is possible to say that the same methods and stages are not followed in the scale development and adaptation studies, and thus unity between them is not achieved.

Teaching speaking, Scale development, Scale adaptation, Content analysis, Articles